Monday, July 25, 2011

LENR meeting at Viaregiio, Italy

Saturday, July 23, 2011

Live conference from Viareggio

Celani is closing greetings: four hours have flown!
19:56 - The conference ends a little 'to tarallucci and wine, ranging on various topics, with great appreciation of the many speakers.

19:51 - At the urging of the public will open a parenthesis on the work of Carpinteri and Cardone (fusion piezonucleare). A researcher at INFN in this report that the search for Cardone has been refuted by other studies with more accurate instruments. It opens a small debate where everyone is on their positions!

19:49 - He wonders whether there are correlations between earthquakes and cold fusion reactions. Celani says he's been detected correlation between earthquakes and emissions of tritium that could be explained by the phenomena of cold fusion.

19:44 - The conference draws to a close. Is ongoing dialogue between audience and speakers.

19.26 - Virgil Roy insists that we are not talking about cold fusion (see the coherence theory of preparation), but another type of LENR Piantelli and reiterates that has identified a sequence of events, very complex, can be explained by the theories existing energy production from a Ni and H.

19:21 - Another answer Celani. Proof that the nuclear reaction is, to date, still does not come from Rossi and Focardi, but from American research on the production of tritium. The measures disclosed by Rossi (producing steam) are not sufficiently reliable. Celani has no doubt that the eCat functions, the only questions that remain are of the functions.

19:13 - Another reference to the coherence theory of Giuliano Preparata Celani says working with nanoscale materials (5-15 nm) and has something to do with the problem of Fermi, Pasta, Ulam (among other things, there are studies Without even kept secret for military purposes).

19.10 - The crowd takes the floor Milly Moratti , recalls the "beautiful" and confirms the figure of Giuliano Preparata, referring also to search for Srivastava, the experimental evidence of cold fusion, there are now.

19.06 - From the audience asked if Roy Piantelli not just a cover behind which other people and groups act. Roy Piantelli now clearly specifies that, for the age, no longer works at the forefront, but has an important oversight role. Also adds that Piantelli has a theory that, without upsetting the current models, is able to explain the phenomenon and soon to be published by the University of Siena.

18:58 - The same signal was recorded when the reaction was blocked.

18.53 - Compared to the size range that took on in Bologna, Celani says ready for anything that went ... with 20 kg of equipment! The possible tricks could be a power cable hidden in the reactor or radioactive material. With its instrumentation (battery not attached to a network) has been monitoring all possible. Both of the two detectors range that had led at one point had a peak, while that to detect electromagnetic interference had not indicated anything. Shortly after Smith announced that the reaction had started.

18:48 - The first response will imply different problems for science to land on non-mainstream "magazines" change of rules brought by the Internet, the presence of technologies subject to trade secret. Celani also explains that the "scientific culture" is the rule of "publish or something or you die", so few end up on bills submitted articles to magazines still not 100% reproducible, which generally are not published.

18:40 - I make a short speech, then the word takes the journalist of Focus, Menichella asks why these researches have not been subjected to peer review and Celani because measurements on the range who carried out January 14 should be regarded as a clue for the reactor Rossi Focardi.

18:39 - The first cells that will be offered for sale will be the order of kW, and then we will scale-up of technology (production of more size and power reactors).

18:37 - Piantelli does not use catalysts, only nickel and hydrogen.

18:35 - Piantelli's position is that he is not obliged to advertise anything, not intended to demonstrate the kind that made Rossi will arrive on the market with a mature product that will present itself [So in the end, his strategy is analogous to what now follows Rossi].

18:26 - The search for Piantelli, after a pause and the end of the collaboration with Focardi, was restarted a couple of years ago, thanks to the emergence of a lender, convinced the company to participate in the uninterrupted functioning for two years of two cells, both well with the excesses of the order of a few tens of watts. A new company Nichenergy [see website under construction ] has been specially created 5 months ago [in obvious competition with Defkalion] and other industries would be giving the rights to produce different types of reactors (of different sizes, more or less powerful).

18:24 - These two words on his book, began to report the news of the working group Piantelli in Siena.

18:21 - Roy Virgil took the floor, had just returned to the room.

18:17 - Question from audience: It is possible that the catalyst of Rossi's something very expensive process that makes it not cheap? Celani explains that the catalyst by definition very small amounts take effect. Massai argues that the term should be reserved for catalytic chemical phenomena. Celani replied that the nanometer order of magnitude seems to change things, there is also a kind of spillover effect in physics ...

18:14 - Celani has concluded his speech. Massai took the floor and opened the discussion with the audience. [Roy had to be away for a moment, speak soon].

18.12 - The military interest seems particularly justified by the possibility of producing tritium at very low cost through the merger (the tritium is used to maintain operational thermonuclear warheads).

18.08 - Celani notes that the best researchers in the field end up working in military laboratories (Los Alamos, Naval Research). For it is natural to think that the campaign of denigration against the cold fusion on the one hand, and military investment on the other cold fusion are two sides of same coin.

18.01 - Arata also began using in 2005 together with Pd and Ni Zr also. These studies have been included in the U.S. by Brian Ahern, who got around 8W at 500 ° C.

17:56 - Celani illustrates the research that is pursuing with a multidisciplinary team, using deposits of nanoparticles on long, thin wires of Pd in ​​the atmosphere of deuterium gas getting 400W/ga 500 ° C with good reproducibility. He also worked with wires of Ni in a hydrogen atmosphere to obtain a return equal to the highest 1800W/ga 900 ° C for 5 days (!), But still difficult to replicate.

17.53 - Arata was the first, working with powders of Palladio, to understand that the cold fusion reaction increased with decreased particle size, but to a certain point: the ideal range is 5-15 nanometers. Smaller sizes become counterproductive,

17.50 - More evidence of cold fusion are bogged down in such research Giuliano Preparata ENEA. My colleague, De Ninno could not continue the promising research to the total cut in funding.

17:47 - The first sensational cover-up of cold fusion goes back to 1989, by NASA. Only in 2003 it was discovered that a positive report of G. Fralick had been "in a drawer."

17:43 - In fact the real father of cold fusion is Yoshiaki Arata , which began work since 1958 with deuterium in the gas phase.

17.40 - Remember that Fleischmann was the president of the International Society of Electrochemistry, certainly not a fool. Parenthesis: Few people know that Pons is of Italian origin. The announcement in 1989 that they could not be handled worse disaster.

17.37 - Historically, the main lines of research in cold fusion are two:
  1. Palladium-Deuterium (Flieschmann and Pons);
  2. Nickel-Hydrogen (Piantelli, Focardi, Habel).

17:34 - One of the strengths of LENR is producing low-energy radiation (not dangerous), a weak point is that there are hundreds of cases of theories to explain groped, but to date nothing has proven conclusive.

17:32 - Explain how the principles of cold fusion, well known and known in military areas, are used in the production of micro-tactical nuclear weapons [see for example here and here ].

17:28 - After speaking briefly about the fission of nuclear fusion artificial hot , inertial , cold . Cold fusion does not occur in a vacuum but in condensed matter, especially in a crystal lattice loaded with hydrogen.

17:23 - He tells of an episode in which, during a cold-fusion tests he conducted, he produced a peak of energy so high and clear, to give him the certainty of the phenomenon ... the small thread presented palladium used in a subsequent analysis by electron microscopy, nano-important changes and unexplained by current theories.

17.20 - Celani classifies the known reactions that provide energy in 4 types:
  1. chemical
  2. Nuclear fission
  3. nuclear fusion
  4. LENR

17.16 - points out that particularly in this area of ​​research preconceived criticisms only serve to inflate the egos of those who practice them. It's up to address the matter with true scientific method and skepticism, but skepticism must go hand in hand with constructive, not negative.

17.11 - took the floor to thank Francesco Celani Delta Energy , the organizers and the audience. Explains that he became interested in cold fusion with the aim of proving that it was a mistake, but that he also believes that the phenomenon was real, although difficult to play at first. It also recognizes that the problem of cold fusion, as well as that of reproducibility, is that through lots of research there have been more seriously unreliable that ended with discredit even on the first, just to avoid this is born ISCMNS which at present is vice president.

17.09 - A long round of applause greets the end of the interview.

17.08 - Focardi concludes that this source of energy can revolutionize the world: Nickel is almost unlimited because the earth's core ( NiFe ) is composed of nickel (Ni) and Iron (Fe). [Ok, but I think we can extract only one present on the earth's crust!].

17.05 - Focardi says that in recent years have made many types of measurement of energy produced, even with closed hydraulic circuits.

17.03 - The ignition temperature of the reaction is 60-70 ° C.

16:57 - Focardi insists he does not know as yet explain the mechanism (nuclear) carrying a nickel atom to capture a proton and become copper, but they found the copper in the final products of the reaction and this is an experimental fact.

16:54 - Remember when you went by train from Bologna to Bondeno Rossi and waited at the station, then went to work together in the famous warehouse where they were developed prototypes of the reactor-Ni-H Rossi Focardi.

16.50 - Focardi refers to the famous article written by Smith and published on the net where it is explained that the energy output was measured with different methodologies.

16.45 - The start of the collaboration with Rossi just changed the scale of the effect. Focardi says that the two key innovations introduced by Rossi were the use of the powder in place of bars of nickel and the catalyst secret.

16:43 - The results achieved by Piantelli were scientifically interesting, but their scale (ratio output / input = 2) was too small to be able to think to produce energy economically.

16.40 - After the experiment of Fleischmann and Pons - continues to remind Focardi - began to collaborate with the Piantelli Habel and cold fusion. At Siena he could enjoy Piantelli funding that enabled the making of early research.

16:36 - Focardi retraces his long academic career, work in the field of experimental particle physics events at the University of Pisa, and Brasimone ENEA Frascati, CERN in Geneva and then in Bologna.

16:32 - Start the projection made by the interview with Professor Mario Sergio Focardi Menichella.

16:13 - Can we contact - Skype - Andrea Rossi, who are in the U.S., and answers to questions put by Mario Menichella; confirms that the work for construction of 1 MW is progressing smoothly and will be respected times delivery schedules. With regard to the European patent, says he hopes to enter the market in November of the first industrial use eCat (patent pending) will give a push to grant the patent. For home and will issue the certificates needed another couple of years at least. Andrea Rossi takes his leave. As he had received with great applause, the same way the audience greets him warmly.
Fifteen minutes before the start.

16.03 - As the room is full, Prof. Marco Massai Department of Physics, University of Pisa, moderator of the conference, opens the work. Mario Manichella shows to present the recent history dell'eCat.

15.40 - Fifteen minutes early, the room is almost full ...

15.05 - I agreed with Mario Roy Virgil Menichella to leave space for action that I was dedicated: I am curious to know how all the news of Piantelli. I remain available for the round table, if there are questions about the role played by the blog to tell everyone the story in the making dell'eCat.

Bourbon House - an hour at the beginning of the conference
Even the intervention of Francesco Celani promises to be substantial!

14:33 - For bandwidth issues will not be able to stream the device this afternoon. Will be recorded and put online in the coming days. See you later

Tuesday, July 19, 2011

Defkalion's Alexandros Xanthoulis speaks

An encouraging translated article from E-Cat World describes a recent interview with Defkalion president, Alexandros Xanthoulis.
As related in this article -
During the first 2 weeks of August, a core team consisting of 12 scientists will assemble in Xanthi. They will be primarily focused on developing the company’s lab for research and development needs of Defkalion.
There are some misguided concerns of the local residents in Xanthi that they (Defkalion) were in the process of building a nuclear plant or a nuclear bomb of some type. Also expressed were concerns over dangerous radiation that may emanate from such a facility.  Xanthoulis has been spending time reassuring the residents of the E-Cat’s safe technology and the bonus of employing up to 300 people for the factory.
Job applications are currently being accepted through the Defkalion Green Technologies web site.
The original plan for having three separate facilities or plants has been revised to just a single, large plant comprising of 20,000 sq. meters of area. There will be 3 separate units to the plant. Some of the Hyperion unit’s subsystems like the casing will be outsourced to other manufactures.
They are planning to sell products in Greece after licensing has been received but other undisclosed countries permits or licensing to sell have already been obtained.
Xanthoulis has also described some initial deals with car companies for the research and development of the E-Cat to be applied directly into automobiles.
Defkalion has already made arrangements with 47 other countries to supply them with reactor cores which would be subsequently produced in their respective countries.

Friday, July 8, 2011

A Parallel

I’ve been thinking about this climate of disinterest surrounding Rossi’s invention.
To say that his device is revolutionary is putting it humbly. This single thing will change the course of mankind.
Now, I think I’m as skeptical as the next guy when it comes believing in the validity of some astounding claims made by individuals – Aliens among us, Bigfoot, The Loch Ness Monster, perpetual motion devices, Zero-point energy, etc, etc. But, I have always had a keen interest on the work originally performed on cold fusion by Ponds and Fleischmann back in the late 80’s. Only to later be lulled into disbelief by the popular press and main-stream media. Parroting back to the masses what the supposed, “authorities” on such esoteric subjects as nuclear physics and the like have said – “It simply doesn’t work. It can’t work. It breaks all the laws of thermodynamics!”
But, in the back of my mind, I felt that there was something to the story. Something to the assertion of this concept of cold fusion.
I certainly don’t claim to be formally educated in that particular field of discipline nor do I claim to have some advanced degree in theoretical physics. I actually have been involved heavily in information technology so far back in time when it was an offshoot branch of electrical engineering simply calls computer technology.
But I have once witnessed something akin to what is happening now with the E-Cat and I’ll relate the story to you here.
It was the early '70’s. I was young, fresh out of college and working for a very large and powerful computer company at that time.
You may never have heard of it today. It was called Control Data Corporation. They built the world’s most powerful computers. Or, at least that was their mantra.
This company had built itself up in the late 1950’s from the talents of one very bright engineer in computer technology. His name is still considered a legend in computers.
He was Seymour Cray. He was the “father of supercomputers”.
At the time he was at C.D.C., he had dreamt, designed and built the fastest, most powerful scientific computers anywhere in the world.
They were revolutionary in their design and structure. He took the current technology at the time and raised it up many-fold to a higher level.
He continued to do this even after leaving C.D.C. to start his own companies – Cray Research and Cray Computer Corporation.
I was lucky enough to meet the man once before his departure from C.D.C. as he pursued his new endeavors in those companies.
No this story isn’t really about Seymour Cray, per se. Even though it illustrates that a single man can revolutionize a particular industry. No, this goes a little further.
You see, as I was a young lad and I was working in the computer industry, I had a keen interest in new technology.
I was an avid electronic hobbyist and devoured technical magazine like Popular Electronics and the like.
There was something happening on the horizon and Popular Electronics sort of explored new and different devices that were made available to not only business but to the hobbyist market as well. One of these items was this little chip manufactured by this relatively insignificant company called Intel out in Santa Clara, California. They had created the “4004” which was a very primitive programmable large scale integration, micro-computer. It was to be used in a hand-sized calculator.
The 4004 soon begot the Intel 8008 which was a much more powerful a micro-processor and could be put to use as a desktop computing device.
And so, a fellow by the name of Ed Robert’s with his company, MITS, out in Albuquerque New Mexico, did exactly that.
He designed a practical desktop microcomputer that had lots of toggle-switches and L.E.D’s (brand new technology at the time). A new standardized bus structure for the plug-in cards that could be added to the basic machine.
He offered up these “Micro-Computers” as they were called at that time because Digital Equipment Corp. already coined the term “Mini-Computer” with their PDP-8 line.
Roberts had offered kits so that the average electronic hobbyist with suitable soldering experience could assemble one of these at home and have his very own computer. For a mere $400 or so.
A MITS Altair 8080 - The very first personal computer.
I ordered one and built it.
It took me hours of painstaking time populating the circuit boards with parts, soldering them in, testing for shorts. All while using a magnifying lamp.
Finally it was complete and I powered it up. The “ultimate smoke test”.
It worked – Eureka, I have it!
It really couldn’t do anything very useful at the time as it had very limited memory – 256 bytes.
I used those toggle switches to manually enter machine code – byte by byte. And it could only display results on those HAL eyes of the blinking red leds. But it was a computer and I built it and would make it do my bidding.
I was beyond ecstatic. I wanted to preach to the world the word of what these tiny beasts were and what they could offer man.
Now since I was so young and naive and not familiar with the real ways of the world, especially the business world, I took my Altair to work one day.
I was mostly met with disinterest from my colleagues. Fellow field-engineers as we were called. Ready to race in to diagnose and repair a faulty memory module from the monster 7600 hidden away in the air-cooled, glass enclosure within the bowels of Aerospace Corporation. Or to fix a jammed card reader or a malfunctioning tape-drive column’s vacuum pump. They were not interested in such things. They were already tired with the every-day, rat-race world of Big Computers. They were jaded.
I found a non-engineer that was puzzled with what I had brought in to work. He was actually a salesman for C.D.C.. He made the big bucks! Impeccably well dressed and manicured. Aloof to us lowly grunts. He made the real “Mad money”.  A percentage off of multi-million dollar installations. Wined and dined with the Customers. Played golf on the week-ends with them and went to haughty cocktail parties in the evenings.
He asked me, “Frank, what could you possibly do with that toy? Do you really think it would ever replace this?”, as he gestured, pointed with his thumb over his shoulder to the behemoth sitting in the glass room.
I affirmed, “Yes, it will one day”, in a weaken voice.
He laughed and basically patted me on the head as he walked away
You see, his whole existence was based on the status-quo of the “big iron” computers maintaining their dominion in the business and science world. In his mind, nothing would ever touch it.
He was typical of much computer company management during this same time.
They could not see what was right in front of them because it was counter-culture to their whole world of existence.
Now, do you see the parallel to what Rossi is offering and the recalcitrant attitude of media as well as the current energy companies?
They all think it’s a toy and nothing ever will become of it.
They don’t see the E-Cat as threat whatsoever. It’s simply a toy or worse, a hoax. It can’t do anything!
They are completely blind as was the old "big iron" computer companies!
Going back to the computer industry analogue for one last time; There used to be many, many powerful computer companies – Burroughs, Univac, C.D.C., Wang, Data General, G.E., Digital Equipment Company, just to name a few off the top of my head . They are all gone now. Even the mightiest of the mighty, I.B.M. almost went down, but they were so diversified and they finally pulled back from the precipice only to be a shell of what it once was in its glory days.  
They never thought that “toy” would ever be a threat to them or their business models. And it would never, ever, "eat their lunch".
The petrol and utility industries are thinking “Nothing to worry about here - go along with business the usually way. Nothing will change for us.”
Sorry boys, but I’m afraid you’re going to be blindsided just like all those bygone computer companies.
Um...I would pull out all of my money in any investments I may have in those "old technologies", petroleum, utilities, etc. companies. If I had any. Or anything related to the "old way" of doing things.

I am truly excited. It's going to be a fun ride.

The rules have changed and the world will change!

Loris Ferrari, Associate Professor of Physics University of Bologna endorses E-cat

Cold fusion: an energy like crazy!

The attitude of the scientist should never be to deny a priori an Event. It should rather be to declare, if that does not have, at present, a scientific explanation. Science, in short, has done less to deny that claim.

From the days of the ill-fated “cold fusion” of Fleischmann and Pons (1989), the scientific community is divided. A minority (which for convenience we will call “the Mad”) insists that something was going to say, in those experiments, and that something, though much lower than initially announced, was worth studying. A large majority (Sani) states, however, the total inconsistency of the phenomenon. In the next two decades, the information channels of Matti have repeatedly shown abnormal energy emissions, under different conditions and are difficult to control with varying degrees of reliability. Only factor common to almost all of these anomalies was that occurred in hydrogenated or deuterated metals: palladium and nickel, for example. These metals act as “sponges” of hydrogen (or deuterium) capture him in the cage formed by their nuclei and absorb the single electron among those that form the structural links of the metal itself (technically, the valence electrons).

Why do we talk about issues “abnormal”? Because the power produced in these events is much higher than expected from chemical reactions. Nuclear reactions, then? No, because simple calculations and experimental evidence on households ‘naked’ (not part of a solid structure) show that such nuclear reactions are so improbable as not to provide any practical effect. A nice dilemma, then. Unless they think of a giant scam trans-national Matti, or their total incompetence in carrying out the measurements. For the benefit of Sani, played until recently that these issues were often elusive and difficult to repeat, very intense, perhaps, but largely unpredictable. Therefore, difficult to categorize as a fact. Facts should be distinguished from events: the former are repeatable and controllable, the second place and nothing else. From Galileo onwards, the scientist takes care of the first and second hesitate to speak of. Throughout history, however, many events have been traced back to the category of events: lightning, meteors, comets, volcanoes, earthquakes. Even the Biblical manna (it seems). For this reason, the attitude of the scientist should never be to deny a priori an Event. It should rather be to declare, if any, that it does not have at present a scientific explanation. Science, in short, has done less to deny that claim.

Turning to the specific situation, until a few years ago, was that the anomalous emission of energy is presented as events (a bit ‘like the Virgin Mary that weep tears of blood), which exposes them to doubt their authenticity ( Without a doubt it is real, an event can be simulated and manipulated) or otherwise practically impossible to ascertain the cause-effect chain, which includes an essential condition, the repeatability of the experiment. Today, the situation is radically changed. Studies by Sergio Focardi (Department of Physics, University of Bologna), first in collaboration with Francis Piantelli (University of Siena), then continued alone have led to an emission of energy from Hydrogenated Nickel, moderate, however, does they can not explain in simple chemical terms. Recent times, a device invented and patented by Andrea Rossi, always based on the nickel hydrogen, has enabled us to produce a much higher heat output, which varies from 25 to 40 Kwatt, compared with a release of electrical power in the order hundreds of watts. To be clear: the power needed to keep burning some incandescent bulbs, you get that absorbed 10 and 20 washing machines. The duration of the emissions over the course of ten hours, and none has yet found a trace of exhaustion. The effect is reproducible and verifiable.

In practice, we have moved from the Event Fact from “is” the “is measured.” A group of researchers from the Department of Physics, University of Bologna (Ennio Bonetti, Enrico Campari, Giuseppe Levi, Mauro Villa and I), as well as Sergio Focardi (retired as Professor Emeritus) can now study the equipment so Rossi continued and deepened. There are offers for the first time, a real opportunity to see clearly. Determine precisely how the phenomenon takes place (hence the importance of repeatability and controllability), it is expected that, sooner or later emerge and also why. Since it is established, what makes it fascinating is that the effect does not exist, to date, a convincing explanation: what is the “fuel” that produces excess energy? How much time will be consumed? Nuclear energy really got to do? This is the curiosity of the scientist, the first and best spring possible toward a serious investigation. Then there is the possibility of a huge economic and environmental impact. What more? For once, I think really the case to listen to Matti.

Loris Ferrari
Associate Professor of Physics
University of Bologna Alma Mater Studiorum

Translated from the original Italian:

Thursday, July 7, 2011

Rossi's answers "why did you select Greece?"

A question was posed to Andrea Rossi during his appearance at the recent Defkalion Green Technologies Press Conference. I thought Rossi’s answers were particularly expressive and stirring and I’d like to chronicle it here. 

“There are two countries in this world that I love, particularly; The USA, because of after a particularly difficult period of in my life (most likely, the Petroldragon affair), I have found the way to realize the dream and to bring on this technology. That is why this technology is born there.” 

“In Greece, I have found a terrific competence and enthusiasm. Starting with Prof. Christos Stremmenos, a professor of physics that teaches at the University of Bologna. He knew about this work and introduced me in Greece. The people of Defakalion, their enthusiasm. I have found here, home.”

“To give to this beloved county, all the help that it needs. Of course, it does not need me – I need Greece.”
“But, now this goes beyond the technology.”
“We will fight with all our efforts to make this technology create jobs and to make a new energy.”
“I am a lover of the history of ancient Greece. And it is a particular satisfying to me that after Greece has enlighten the World with her philosophy and sciences after 25 centuries, we will bring to her the light of this new fire.”